Tuesday, February 3, 2015

Islam: Development, Spread, and Achievements

3.1.III. Cross-cultural exchanges were fostered by the intensification of existing, or the creation of new, networks of trade and communication.

The expansion of the Arab Empire in the years following Muhammad's death led to the creation of caliphates. These early caliphates, coupled with Muslim economics and trading and the later expansion of the Ottoman Empire, resulted in Islam's spread outwards from Mecca towards both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and the creation of the Muslim world. Trading played an important role in the spread of Islam in several parts of the world, notablysoutheast Asia.

Muslim dynasties were soon established and subsequent empires such as those of the Abbasids,Fatimids, Almoravids, Seljukids, Ajuuraan, Adal and Warsangali in Somalia, Mughals in India andSafavids in Persia and Ottomans were among the largest and most powerful in the world. The people of the Islamic world created numerous sophisticated centers of culture and science with far-reaching mercantile networks, travelers, scientists, hunters, mathematicians, doctors andphilosophers, all contributing to the Golden Age of Islam

SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spread_of_Islam

3.1.III.A Islam, based on the revelations of the prophet Muhammad, developed in the Arabian peninsula. The beliefs and practices of Islam reflected interactions among Jews, Christians, and Zoroastrians with the local Arabian peoples. Muslim rule expanded to many parts of Afro-Eurasia due to military expansion, and Islam subsequently expanded through the activities of merchants and missionaries.

3.1.III.A How did Islam develop and expand?

3.1.III.D How did Islam spread to Africa?

DBQ: Mansa Musa

3.2.I.B. In some places, new forms of governance emerged, including those developed in various Islamic states (Abbasid Caliphate)

The spread of Islam DBQ was an excercise in sorting documents (into "buckets") and using the labels for each grouping to write a thesis statement. 

3.1.III.E. Increased cross-cultural interactions also resulted in the diffusion of scientific and technological traditions. The influence of Greek and Indian mathematics on Muslim scholars

DBQ: Muslim Contributions

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