Wednesday, April 16, 2014

Luther and Luther

1963 -- Martin Luther King, Jr. wrote his "Letter from Birmingham Jail while incarcerated in Alabama for protesting against segregation.

Also related to non-violent protesting ...

1919 -- Gandhi organized a day of prayer and fasting in response to the British slaughter of Indian protesters in the Amritsar Massacre.

1862 -- A bill ending slavery in the District of Columbia becomes law.

1521 -- Martin Luther made his first appearance before the Diet of Worms (assembly for deliberation). The diet's product was the Edict of Worms, which addressed the effects of the Protestant Reformation.  

Thursday, April 10, 2014

Ming and the Monk

1407 -- Deshin Shekpa met with the Ming emperor in Nanjing where he assured him that there were different branches of Buddhism for different people and that no branch was better than any other. (Impact of the spread of Buddhism)

Wednesday, April 9, 2014

Freedom Ride and Lee's Surrender

1947 -- The Journey of Reconciliation was the first interracial Freedom Ride. Its goal was to raise awareness for enforcement of the U.S. Supreme Court's 1946 Morgan v. Virginia decision that banned racial segregation in interstate travel.

1909 -- After President Taft met with Congress to discuss reducing tariffs, making good on a campaign promise, the Payne bill was passed by the House. It was soon substituted with the Aldrich Act, which increased tariffs. The consequences hit the publishing industry particularly hard. 

File:Alaska Purchase (hi-res).jpg

1867 -- "Seward's Folly" purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million ($119 million in 2014 dollars). The official transfer was made October 18. 

File:Appomattox courthouse.jpg

1865 -- Robert E. Lee surrenders at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia, ending the Civil War.

Tuesday, April 8, 2014

Civil Rights

File:Eisenhower in the Oval Office.jpg
Public Domain

1960 -- The U.S. Senate approves the Civil Rights Act of 1960 despite the filibuster from southern senators
The Civil Rights Act 1960 was critical because it was an act backed by a clear message from the president amid a series of legislation that addressed the complexities of equal protection under the law. 
1957 -- The Suez Canal in Egypt is reopened
1946 -- The last meeting of the League of Nations (precursor to the UN)
1942 -- WWII: The Japanese take Bataan in the Philippines
1935 -- The Works Progress Administration is formed (from Emergency Relief Appropriation Act)
1918 -- Charlie Chaplin sells war bonds on the streets of NYC's financial district
1913 -- The 17th Amendment to the Constitution becomes law (direct election of senators)
1513 -- Explorer Juan Ponce de Leon declares (what is now) Florida a territory of Spain

Monday, April 7, 2014

April 7

This day in the TEKS …

Public domain

1978 – Development of a neutron bomb is canceled by President Jimmy Carter 
1971 – Nixon announces that he will escalate U.S. troop withdrawals (vietnamizatoin)   
1954 – President Eisenhower gives his “Domino Theory” speech during a news conference
1948 – The World Health Organization is established by the UN
1940 – Booker T. Washington is the first African American to be depicted on a U.S. postage stamp (Tuskeegee Institute)
1922 – Teapot Dome Scandal (land leased by Secretary of the Interior)